A couple of months ago, I met up with a high school buddy. He had managed to build a business and sold it for a handsome amount of money. Now he lives the fast lane and most of his time is spent travelling exotic lands and living life to the fullest. Meeting up was by chance. As we caught up, he informed me that he was planning to visit Africa during his next adventure. “I’ve been there a couple of times. The only thing I didn’t enjoy there was the hot sun. I actually got sunburn the first day I went hiking.” He said excitedly.
We parted ways as we promised each other to keep in touch. I had come across people with sunburn but didn’t give it too much thought. However, my friend’s mention of the condition aroused my curiosity. In particular, I was interested in sunburn of the second degree. Here are some of the common questions and answers about the condition.
This is a condition where harmful ultraviolet sun rays damage living tissue. These rays usually destroy skin tissue since it’s the most exposed to the sun.
Are there different types?
There are three main types depending on severity. First degree sunburn is mild in nature and usually affects the skin tissue. It usually resolves within a few days. Sunburn of the second degree is a bit severe and besides damage to skin tissue, the damage can extend to nerves in the skin. Third degree sunburn is the most severe and will usually require immediate medical attention since damage extends deep into the underlying tissue.
This condition occurs when the skin is exposed to the suns rays for extended periods of time. The sunburn can occur within 10 minutes of exposure to the suns rays. Symptoms can emerge within 30 minutes of exposure and can last for weeks.
What are the symptoms of sunburn of the second degree?
Some of the symptoms of this condition include the following. The first symptom is reddening of the skin as the skin tissue starts deteriorating. Many people will think it to be a tan. As the damage advances, swelling and inflammation occur. At this point the skin feels hot to touch and is painful. In severe cases, blisters start forming on the skin and the person might experience other symptoms such as fever and fatigue. Dehydration is another symptom associated with the condition.
Who is at the highest risk?
Anyone can suffer from sunburn of the second degree. However, people of fair skin complexion, fair eyed and, with freckles are at the most risk.
How can sunburn of the second degree be prevented?
One of the best preventive measures to take is to keep your skin covered when you go out in the sun. Vulnerable areas such as the face and arms should always be covered. If you engage in activities which expose skin to the sun such as sunbathing, it’s advisable to wear sunscreen at all time to protect against UV rays.
How is the condition treated?
Treatment usually involves using products which promote healing and prevent further damage occurring to the skin tissue. Vinegar for sunburn is one of the popular home remedies for sunburn. Applied to the affected area, it helps prevent infection and relieve pain.